The 4 C’s
A carat is a measure of weight so this also indicates the size of a diamond.
The larger the diamond, the higher the carat weight will be. However, this does not solely determine the value of the diamond; cut, clarity and colour will also be taken into consideration.
When a diamond is cut, facets are created and the beauty of the diamond is revealed. The facets give the diamond its unique brilliance.
Today there are many different cuts of diamond each giving a distinctive effect. The most popular cuts include: brilliant,, cushion, princess, emerald.
Inclusions should not be seen as faults, they are simply natural marks that occur as the diamond crystal is being formed and contribute to the unique beauty of each diamond.
The fewer inclusions a diamond has, the rarer it becomes and this will naturally be reflected in its value.
To the naked eye most diamonds will appear colourless although there are subtle differences in shade.
Using the GIA grading system, diamonds are colour graded from D (colourless) to Z (yellow). These grades play a vital role in establishing the value of a diamond. It is not until you place two diamonds together of different colours that you would notice a difference in shade.